Diptera & other insects

Syrphidae, or hoverflies, are a family of flies whom can be found in almost any garden throughout much of the year, indeed some members of the family, such as the Eristalini, are one of those heralds of spring and whom can often be found in the garden on warmer and sunnier days even in January. As pollinators they play a very important role in the natural world, whilst many species also feed on pests such as aphids, this making them a very welcome addition to both the garden and the farm.

SYRPHIDAE (Hoverflies)

Volucellini

Volucella bombylans (V. bombylans)
Volucella zonaria (V. zonaria)
Pellucid Fly (Volucella pellucens)
Hornet Mimic Hoverfly (Volucella zonaria)

Bacchini

Baccha elongata (Baccha elongata)
Chequered Hoverfly (Melanostoma scalare)

Syrphini

Marmalade Hoverfly (Episyrphus balteatus)
Syrphus ribesii/vitripennis (S. ribesii/vitripennis)

Eristalini

Eristalis arbustorum (Eristalis arbustorum)
Tapered Drone Fly (Eristalis pertinax)
Common Drone Fly (Eristalis tenax)
Sun fly (Helophilus pendulus)
Myathropa florea (M. florea)

Merodontini

Narcissus Bulb Fly (Merodon equestris)

Sericomyiini

Bog Hoverfly (Sericomyia silentis)


OTHER DIPTERA (True Flies)

Tabanidae

Notch-horned Cleg (Haematopota pluvialis)

Bombyliidae

Dark-edged Bee-fly (Bombylius major)

Scathophagidae

Yellow Dung Fly (Scathophaga stercoraria)

Calliphoridae

Calliphora vicina (Calliphora vicina)
Calliphora vomitoria (Calliphora vomitoria)
Lucilia caesar/sericata (Lucilia caesar/sericata)

Sarcophagidae

Sarcophaga sp. (Sarcophaga sp.)

Bibionidae

St. Mark’s Fly (Bibio marci)


TRICHOPTERA (Caddisflies)

Limnephilidae

Limnephilus auricula (Limnephilus auricula)
Limnephilus lunatus (Limnephilus lunatus)
Stenophylax permistus (Stenophylax permistus)


EPHEMEROPTERA (Mayflies)


NEUROPTERA (Lacewings)

Chrysopidae

Chrysoperla carnea (C. carnea)


MECOPTERA (Scorpionflies)

Panorpidae

Scorpion Fly (probably Panorpa communis)


ORTHOPTERA (Grasshoppers etc.)

Acrididae

Common Field Grasshopper (Chorthippus brunneus)
Meadow Grasshopper (Chorthippus parallelus)
Common Green Grasshopper (Omocestus viridulus)


DERMAPTERA (Earwigs)

Forficulidae

Earwig (Forficula auricularia)


ZYGENTOMA (Silverfish etc.)

Lepismatidae

Silverfish (Lepisma saccharina)