January 2016 Weather

A wet and dull month overall, indeed the meagre 37.3 hours of sunshine recorded makes this the dullest calendar month on my records, whilst temperature wise it concluded just shy of half a degree centigrade above the 1981-2010 average. The beginning of the month was exceptionally dull and wet with 14 successive days recording rain from the start of the month, this fortnight period bringing with it 60.7 mm (2.39 inches) of rain alone, whilst the same period produced just 8.9 hours of sunshine. In the end the total rainfall for the month was 77.0 mm (3.03 inches), 142% of the long term average, with rainfall being recorded on 22 days. However just one day recorded in excess of 10 mm.

Things did settle down and improve after the middle of the month, this coinciding with the only notable cold spell of the month as high pressure built over the British Isles between the 15th and 21st. Lying snow was restricted to the higher parts of the Wolds however (above 100 metres), with the best down here on the lowlands being just a few snow showers on a couple of days. So far the winter of 2015/16 is proving to be yet another disappointing season as regards wintry phenomena, and as of writing the forecast for the first half of February isn’t looking particularly encouraging either.

It became milder & unsettled again towards the end of the month, with strong winds being the main feature rather than rain this time, the last few days in particular bringing some strong winds which buffeted the local countryside. A maximum gust of 43 knots (50 mph) was recorded on the 28th and one of the garden trees lost a branch during this gale, but otherwise damage was thankfully minimal. These Atlantic gales also brought some very mild air up from the south with them, the temperature reaching an unseasonable high of 14.3 C on the 27th. Indeed, and unsurprisingly given the damp and dull nature of the month, winds were predominantly from the South & West throughout the month.

AVERAGE TEMPERATURE : 4.6 C   (+0.4 C)
AVERAGE MAXIMUM : 7.9 C
AVERAGE MINIMUM : 1.2 C
HIGHEST MAXIMUM : 14.3 C, 27th
LOWEST MAXIMUM : 3.4 C, 17th
HIGHEST MINIMUM : 8.5 C, 25th
LOWEST MINIMUM : -4.3 C, 21st
GRASS FROSTS : 17
AIR FROSTS : 13
FROST DURATION : 40 hours

TOTAL RAINFALL : 77.0 mm   (142%)
MAXIMUM TOTAL : 13.0 mm, 3rd
DAYS =>0.2 mm : 22
DAYS =>1.0 mm : 15
DAYS =>10.0 mm : 1
TOTAL RAIN DURATION : 107 hours

TOTAL SUNSHINE : 37.3 hours   (65%)
AVERAGE PER DAY : 1.20 hours
SUNLESS DAYS : 13

AVERAGE WIND SPEED : 3.6 knots
MAXIMUM GUST : 43 knots, 28th
DAYS =>34 knots : 7

WIND DIRECTION FREQUENCY
N 0, NE 0, E 4, SE 2, S 11, SW 3, W 8, NW 3

AVERAGE PRESSURE : 1004.5 hPa
MAXIMUM PRESSURE : 1028.2 hPa, 16th
LOWEST PRESSURE : 974.0 hPa, 10th

DAYS WITH FOG : 0
DAYS WITH THUNDER : 0
DAYS WITH HAIL : 0
DAYS WITH SNOW FALLING : 2
DAYS WITH SNOW LYING : 0
MAXIMUM SNOW DEPTH : 0 cm
MONTHLY SNOW INDEX : 0 cm/days

january-2016
January 2016 Logbook (click to enlarge)

1st January 2016, Friday
-1.8 C to 8.2 C / 4.0 mm / 0.5 hours / E 5
A cold and crisp start to the new year with a frost and some winter sunshine to start the day, but this wouldn’t last long with cloud increasing by mid-morning. Remaining cloudy but dry for the rest of the morning and the afternoon, though after dark the cloud would become thick enough for some spells of rain, these continuing on and off throughout the night. The rain would also be accompanied by some strong gusts of wind during the night as well.

2nd January 2016, Saturday
-1.5 C* to 9.4 C / 5.0 mm / 0.0 hours / E 3-4
A very dull and damp day with periods of drizzle in the afternoon, and whilst it would become somewhat drier for a time in the evening, further outbreaks of rain would return overnight, these being quite heavy at times.

3rd January 2016, Sunday
5.9 C to 7.7 C / 13.0 mm / 0.0 hours / SE 4
Yet another dull and overcast day with heavy and persistent rain arriving shortly after midday, and continuing for the remainder of the afternoon and indeed well into the evening. However it would become somewhat drier overnight with even some clearer spells managing to develop, but these wouldn’t last long with overcast skies and low cloud returning by the end of the night.

4th January 2016, Monday
1.8 C to 7.7 C / 1.9 mm / 0.0 hours / SE 3-4
A dull but dry start to the day, though by mid-morning outbreaks of drizzle and rain would arrive from the south-east, these continuing on and off for most of the day. Remaining damp in the evening and overnight with further spells of drizzle &/or rain, though it was mostly light with only modest amounts of precipitation actually accumulating in the official Met. Office standard rain gauge.

5th January 2016, Tuesday
4.3 C to 8.6 C / 8.3 mm / 0.0 hours / E 3
The dreek and damp weather which has so characterised the weather of late continued for yet another day with overcast skies and outbreaks of rain pretty much throughout, though a somewhat drier and slightly brighter period did develop for a time around midday. Little change in the evening and overnight though towards the end of the night a heavier and more persistent period of rain would drift in off the North Sea.

6th January 2016, Wednesday
5.4 C to 7.7 C / 7.2 mm / 0.0 hours / E 4
A wet start to the morning with persistent rain, and whilst the rain would become lighter and more intermittent by mid-morning, it would nevertheless remain grey and damp throughout the day with little in the way of brightness. Drier for a time in the evening and overnight but yet more rain would arrive by the end of the night, this becoming quite heavy and persistent by dawn.

7th January 2016, Thursday
4.7 C to 6.5 C / 8.3 mm / 0.0 hours / W 5-6
A wet day for the most part with persistent, and at times, heavy rain throughout the morning and into the afternoon, though by dusk the rain would begin to clear away to the east leaving a mostly cloudy and blustery evening, the breeze making it feel particularly cold and raw. However skies would begin to clear during the night, and with the breeze also easing, temperatures would fall away quite nicely with a touch of frost for a time. However this wouldn’t last very long with cloud and yet more rain arriving by the end of the night.

So the first week of 2016 is now complete and weather-wise it has continued where December left off with above average temperatures, little sunshine and plenty of rain. The countryside in this part of the East Riding is not faring too badly so far with just the typical winter problems of mud and patches of standing water in poorly drained fields to negotiate whilst wandering the area, wellies being very much de rigueur at the moment. Nevertheless nearly 50 mm of rain has already been recorded here since the start of the year, which considering that the average rainfall for the whole of January is 54.1 mm, is not an inconsiderable amount at all, whilst sunshine has been completely absent for six consecutive days.

8th January 2016, Friday
-0.1 C to 6.4 C / 1.4 mm / 2.0 hours / S 3
A wet and cold start to the day, feeling particularly raw out in the open, but by mid-morning it would begin to improve with even some weak spells of sunshine. However towards the end of the morning and around midday some showers would drift over, some of which were quite prolonged, but these would clear by mid-afternoon with a fine and bright end to the day with some good spells of sunshine, a rare luxury this month. Clear spells in the evening and at first overnight, this allowing a touch of ground frost, but outbreaks of rain would arrive later. Feeling colder.

9th January 2016, Saturday
1.9 C to 9.1 C / 3.7 mm / 0.0 hours / S 4
A mostly cloudy day, the cloud thick enough for some rain in late morning, though it did become slightly brighter in the afternoon, at least for a time anyway. Cloud thickening again by dusk with further outbreaks of rain in the evening, and whilst these would die out by midnight it would nevertheless remain largely cloudy throughout the rest of the night, the breeze also freshening from the south latterly.

10th January 2016, Sunday
3.5 C to 7.1 C / 0.3 mm / 2.6 hours / S 4
A blustery start to the day with some outbreaks of rain but by late morning it would begin to brighten up with a largely fine afternoon following with some good spells of January sunshine. Under clear skies the temperature would fall away in the evening and overnight with a touch of frost for a time, but again it wouldn’t last with cloud increasing later. I have yet to enjoy a nice frosty morning walk this winter!

11th January 2016, Monday
-0.3 C to 5.4 C / 0.8 mm / 0.0 hours / W 3
A dull and overcast morning, the cloud thick enough for some rain and drizzle in the second half of the morning and into the afternoon, and whilst it would become drier as the afternoon wore on, it would nevertheless remain grey and unappealing with little to commend it. Also feeling a bit colder with temperatures struggling to 5 C (41 F). Clear spells developing in the evening with temperatures dipping below freezing for a short time, but overnight cloud would increase again with a few showers as well.

12th January 2016, Tuesday
-0.5 C to 5.7 C / 0.3 mm / 1.0 hour / W 4
A largely cloudy and cold morning, though for a short period in late morning it did brighten up with even some spells of weak January sunshine. However the afternoon would see a return to the grey skies which have so characterised January so far, the cloud thick enough to produce some light rain by dusk. Remaining overcast with further rain at times in the evening but during the night this would clear away with clear spells developing, this allowing temperatures to dip low enough for a touch of ground frost.

13th January 2016, Wednesday
0.5 C to 4.9 C / 3.5 mm / 2.6 hours / W 3
A largely fine winter’s day with some good spells of weak sunshine throughout most of the morning and much of the afternoon, though from 2 pm onwards it would become increasingly cloudy from the SW with overcast skies by the end of the afternoon. Feeling cold as well with temperatures remaining below 5 C. Outbreaks of rain moving in during the evening and continuing on and off for most of the night, the rain becoming a little sleety at times towards the end of the night.

14th January 2016, Thursday
0.5 C to 3.6 C / 3.0 mm / 0.2 hours / NW 6
A cold, grey and miserable January morning with occasional showers of rain and sleet, the strengthening north-westerly breeze making it feel particularly raw out in the open. In the afternoon lowering temperatures and a strong gusty wind would see the sleet turn increasingly into snow, but it wasn’t heavy enough to settle and by dusk it had cleared away to leave a cold and blustery evening. Becoming clear overnight with temperatures quickly falling below freezing, though the breeze prevented temperatures from dropping any lower than -1.4 C.

15th January 2016, Friday
-1.4 C to 4.1 C / 0.0 mm / 6.7 hours / W 5
A cold and clear start with a moderate breeze, the ground underfoot being nice and hard after the overnight frost, whilst the rest of the day would remain clear and cold with an abundance of winter sunshine bathing the Yorkshire countryside. Clear spells in the evening and overnight with another frost, but broken cloud drifting down from the north, plus a moderate breeze, again meant temperatures fell no lower than -1.1 C.

Today was the first day since the 29th of December to record no rainfall at all, ending sixteen consecutive ‘rain’ days (officially any day recording 0.2 mm/0.01 in. or more). Though I haven’t been able to check my records, this could well be a new station record as such prolonged wet weather is pretty rare here on the east coast of the British Isles.

16th January 2016, Saturday
-1.1 C to 3.6 C / 0.0 mm / 3.9 hours / W 2-3
Another crisp winter’s day with plenty of sunshine throughout the morning and most of the afternoon, though by mid-afternoon high cloud would begin to invade from the west. Largely cloudy for much of the evening but overnight the skies would clear again, this allowing temperatures to quickly fall away with a decent frost by dawn.

17th January 2016, Sunday
-4.1 C to 3.4 C / 0.0 mm / 3.5 hours / S 2-3
A perfect winter’s morning with plenty of sunshine and the ground as hard as iron after an overnight frost of -4.1 C, though as the afternoon wore on high cloud would increase from the SW with skies becoming mostly cloudy by dusk. Cold again with a high of just 3.4 C (the mean temperature for the day being -0.4 C). Mostly cloudy in the evening and overnight with temperatures hovering just above freezing.

18th January 2016, Monday
-3.9 C to 3.8 C / 0.0 mm / 0.0 hours / W 2
A cloudy, grey and cold day with little in the way of brightness, temperatures struggling to just 3.8 C (the average temperature for the day being just below freezing again). Skies clearing for a time in the evening with temperatures dipping down to nearly -2 C, but cloud would return overnight with overcast skies for the reminder of the night.

19th January 2016, Tuesday
-1.9 C to 5.4 C / 0.2 mm / 0.0 hours / NW 1-2
A dull morning with low cloud over the Wolds and periods of drizzle at times, but things would improve in the afternoon with even some brighter periods developing for a time in mid-afternoon. However this wouldn’t last with cloudy skies returning by dusk and it would remain largely cloudy for most of the night.

20th January 2016, Wednesday
-1.5 C to 5.5 C / 0.0 mm / 2.0 hours / NW 1-2
A cold and frosty start to the day with some good spells of winter sunshine in the morning, though by midday it would become increasingly cloudy with mostly cloudy skies for the remainder of the afternoon. Cloudy at first in the evening but skies would clear later, this allowing temperatures to fall nicely overnight with a low of -4.3 C.

21st January 2016, Thursday
-4.3 C to 5.5 C / 0.5 mm / 1.1 hours / S 2-3
A wonderfully cold and crisp start to the morning, the ground nice and firm under foot and the air being like champagne as one breathed in the chilled frosted air, but as the morning wore on cloud would begin to increase with skies becoming cloudy and grey by midday. It would remain grey and cold throughout the afternoon, whilst in the evening the cloud would be thick enough for a bit of rain. Remaining cloudy overnight with the breeze freshening from the south latterly.

22nd January 2016, Friday
-2.8 C to 7.8 C / 4.7 mm / 0.1 hours / S 4-5
A cloudy and windy start to the day with rain arriving by mid-morning, this becoming persistent and continuing throughout the morning and into the afternoon. However by mid-afternoon conditions would improve with even a reddish sunset at dusk, and skies would continue to clear in the evening, a near full moon illuminating Woldgarth. Variable amounts of cloud overnight and milder than recently, though still cool enough for a touch of ground frost.

23rd January 2016, Saturday
1.9 C to 10.9 C / 4.6 mm / 0.2 hours / S 3-4
A cloudy and grey day for the most part, though there was the odd brighter period from time to time around the middle of the day. Feeling milder. Cloud thickening in the evening with some outbreaks of rain for a time, but this would clear away by midnight leaving a cloudy night with temperatures nearly in double figures by dawn.

24th January 2016, Sunday
5.0 C to 12.5 C / trace / 0.1 hours / S 3
A grey and cloudy day with little to commend it, though with light winds and temperatures up into double figures, it did at least feel quite mild. However around dusk the cloud would begin to break up with clear spells developing in the evening and overnight, the full moon again illuminating the nocturnal world of Woldgarth.

25th January 2016, Monday
8.5 C to 13.2 C / trace / 1.0 hour / S 4-5
A bright and breezy morning, feeling very mild with temperatures in double figures again, though by midday it would become cloudy and grey and would remain so through the afternoon. Staying cloudy at first in the evening but breaks would develop later with variable amounts of cloud for the rest of the night. The wind would ease for a time overnight but would pick up again latterly.

26th January 2016, Tuesday
4.9 C to 13.4 C / trace / 0.0 hours / S 5-6
A grey, windy but very mild day with little in the way of brightness, indeed the cloud was thick enough to produce some light rain at times. The wind was particularly strong around midday with gusts over 40 mph, this bringing down a branch in the garden (& a single slate off the roof). Remaining cloudy and blustery into the evening, though latterly breaks would develop with variable amounts of cloud for the rest of the night. A mild night as well what with the southerly breeze.

27th January 2016, Wednesday
6.6 C to 14.3 C / 0.0 mm / 0.0 hours / W 5
A largely cloudy and breezy day again, temperatures rising up to a very unseasonal 14 C in the afternoon. Variable amounts of cloud overnight and remaining breezy.

28th January 2016, Thursday
1.3 C to 11.9 C / 0.7 mm / 3.8 hours / S 4-5
A much brighter day, much welcome after the mild greyness of recent days, and cooler as well with temperatures remaining in single figures. However in the afternoon cloud would begin to increase, accompanied by a freshening SSW breeze, and during the evening this cloud would bring a few blustery showers. The showers would die out by 10 pm though, with variable amounts of cloud for the rest of the night, though the main feature of the weather during the night was the gusty wind. Temperatures would also rise overnight.

29th January 2016, Friday
2.5 C to 12.7 C / 1.3 mm / 3.7 hours / SW 6
A windy day with gusts in excess of 40 knots during the latter part of the morning and into the afternoon, though apart from a short but sharp period of rain around 11 am, it was a largely fine day with some good spells of sunshine. Mild in the morning but temperatures would drop after the rain, symptomatic of a cold front passage. Variable amounts of cloud overnight and remaining blustery throughout, this preventing temperatures from falling low enough for a ground frost.

30th January 2016, Saturday
3.1 C to 5.6 C / 0.8 mm / 2.3 hours / SW 5-6
A cold day with sunny spells and occasional showers, these showers being wintry in the afternoon with even some wet snow at times. The breeze made it feel particularly cold, especially in the morning, though it would begin to ease by the evening. Clear spells overnight with a ground frost, though cloud would increase again later.

31st January 2016, Sunday
0.4 C to 12.8 C / 3.5 mm / 0.0 hours / SW 2-3
A grey, damp and cold end to January with overcast skies and mizzly, drizzly rain for much of the day, though winds were very light, indeed almost calm in the afternoon. Becoming murky in the evening with low cloud over the Wolds, though a short period of rain in mid-evening would bring a change in the weather with the breeze picking up and temperatures quickly rising during the night, indeed reaching 12.8 C around 3 am. Clear spells developing by the end of the night but remaining mild and breezy.