October 2016 Weather

A rather average October this year with temperatures, rainfall and sunshine all being around the long term average, though overall the month would conclude 0.3 C above the 1981-2010 mean and with 87% of the normal rainfall being recorded. High pressure dominated for much of the month, the average pressure being 1021.8 mbar/hPa, and this was reflected in the lack of any significant windy days, the maximum gust recorded during the month being a very modest 31 knots! The anticyclonic theme of October was also reflected in the frequency of winds from the eastern quarter, a rather uncommon wind direction in most typical autumns, though this year winds of various degrees of easterly were recorded on more than 50% of days. If this weather pattern continues into November and December the coming winter may well prove very interesting!

AVERAGE TEMPERATURE : 10.9 C   (+0.3 C)
AVERAGE MAXIMUM : 14.0 C
AVERAGE MINIMUM : 7.9 C
HIGHEST MAXIMUM : 18.0 C, 4th
LOWEST MAXIMUM : 11.2 C, 23rd
HIGHEST MINIMUM : 12.0 C, 5th
LOWEST MINIMUM : 3.5 C, 3rd
GRASS FROSTS : 1
AIR FROSTS : 0
FROST DURATION : 0 hours

TOTAL RAINFALL : 51.3 mm   (87%)
MAXIMUM TOTAL : 9.0 mm, 16th
DAYS =>0.2 mm : 18
DAYS =>1.0 mm : 10
DAYS =>10.0 mm : 0
TOTAL RAIN DURATION : 69 hours

TOTAL SUNSHINE : 101.4 hours   (92%)
AVERAGE PER DAY : 3.27 hours
SUNLESS DAYS : 1

AVERAGE WIND SPEED : 1.5 knots
MAXIMUM GUST : 31 knots, 5th
DAYS =>34 knots : 0

WIND DIRECTION FREQUENCY
N 3, NE 5, E 6, SE 5, S 0, SW 6, W 2, NW 4

AVERAGE PRESSURE : 1021.8 hPa
MAXIMUM PRESSURE : 1035.2 hPa, 5th
LOWEST PRESSURE : 1003.7 hPa, 15th

DAYS WITH FOG : 0
DAYS WITH THUNDER : 0
DAYS WITH HAIL : 0
DAYS WITH SNOW FALLING : 0
DAYS WITH SNOW LYING : 0
MAXIMUM SNOW DEPTH : 0 cm
MONTHLY SNOW INDEX : 0 cm/days

october-2016
October 2016 Logbook (click to enlarge)

1st October 2016, Saturday
5.6 C to 15.0 C / 1.7 mm / 4.9 hours / NW 2-3
A pleasant morning after a chilly start with plenty of autumn sunshine to enjoy, though around the middle of the day some showers would develop, a few of which were quite sharp in early afternoon. Becoming drier but cloudier in the second half of the afternoon though by the evening the cloud would begin to break up with some clear spells developing overnight.

2nd October 2016, Sunday
7.0 C to 15.0 C / 0.0 mm / 8.0 hours / N 3-4
A largely fine October day with sunny spells pretty much throughout, though it did become somewhat cloudier for a time in late morning and early afternoon. Feeling much cooler than recently, especially in the northerly breeze. Becoming clear by late afternoon and remaining clear throughout the evening and night, this allowing temperatures to dip well into single figures with a widespread ground frost in rural areas by dawn, especially down in the lower pastures of the Parklands.

3rd October 2016, Monday
3.5 C to 15.7 C / 0.0 mm / 8.5 hours / E 1-2
A clear and cold start to the day with a touch of ground frost in some areas and a low mist hanging over the low pastures, but with clear blue skies and an abundance of golden October sunshine it would soon warm up. Remaining sunny and clement throughout the afternoon and all in all another very pleasant autumn day. Cloud increasing for a time overnight but becoming clear again by dawn, though as a result of the cloud it was a much milder night than last night.

A touch of ground frost was noted throughout the local countryside this morning but especially down in the parklands where a nice coating of ice crystals had formed overnight. After what has otherwise been a mild autumn it was nice to finally feel a real chill to the morning air.

4th October 2016, Tuesday
6.7 C to 18.0 C / 0.0 mm / 8.3 hours / SE 4-5
Another clear start to the day with mist patches hanging over the low pastures, though not as chilly as yesterday morning. Remaining sunny for much of the morning though the breeze would begin to strengthen from mid-morning onwards, this becoming quite blustery by midday. Remaining sunny and breezy throughout the afternoon though by the evening the breeze would begin to ease down. Variable amounts of cloud overnight and much milder with a low of just 12.0 C.

5th October 2016, Wednesday
12.0 C to 16.1 C / 0.0 mm / 5.0 hours / E 4-5
A mild start to the day with sunny spells and broken cloud, though as the morning wore on it would become increasingly cloudy with mostly grey skies by midday. Like yesterday the breeze would also freshen as the morning wore on, with conditions remaining mostly cloudy and blustery for the majority of the afternoon. However latterly things would begin to brighten up again with some late spells of sunshine to finish the day, the breeze also easing by early evening. Mostly clear overnight with temperatures dipping into single figures.

6th October 2016, Thursday
8.7 C to 15.1 C / 0.7 mm / 7.9 hours / E 3-4
A largely fine and sunny day with temperatures around average for the time of year, though in the evening cloud would increase from the east. After dusk this cloud would increase further with outbreaks of rain and drizzle coming in off the North Sea shortly prior to midnight. Remaining cloudy for the remainder of the night with further occasional periods of rain &/or drizzle.

7th October 2016, Friday
11.7 C to 15.3 C / 0.9 mm / 0.1 hours / E 2
An overcast morning for the most part with outbreaks of rain drifting in off the sea, though despite the inclement weather it was mild. Becoming drier and even a little brighter for a time around the middle of the day but cloud would thicken again by mid-afternoon with further periods of drizzle and rain. However any lingering precipitation would die out by the evening, though skies would remain overcast and cloudy for the remainder of the evening and the night. Feeling distinctly autumnal.

8th October 2016, Saturday
8.1 C to 14.4 C / 0.0 mm / 2.6 hours / NE 2
A dull and grey morning but after midday things would begin to brighten up with some good spells of sunshine developing during the afternoon. Indeed with the relatively light winds it would feel quite pleasant with temperatures around average for the time of year. Cloud increasing again from the north east in early evening, but this would clear by 9 pm with skies remaining mostly clear for the majority of the night, this allowing temperatures to dip well into single figures by dawn.

9th October 2016, Sunday
6.6 C to 14.3 C / 0.3 mm / 6.7 hours / NE 3-4
A clear and cool start to the day with a heavy dew upon the ground, and whilst it would remain mostly sunny throughout the morning, a few passing showers would also drift in from the north-east from time to time. However for the most part these showers managed to miss us here at Woldgarth with a largely sunny and dry afternoon being enjoyed, though the moderate north-east breeze did make it feel quite cool out in the open. Mostly clear in the evening and overnight, this allowing temperatures to dip into single figures, but cloud and the odd shower would return by dawn.

10th October 2016, Monday
6.7 C to 12.6 C / 4.0 mm / 3.5 hours / N 3-4
A day of sunshine and showers, some of these showers being quite heavy as they drifted in from the north-east, especially in the second half of the morning and during early afternoon (peak rainfall rate of 29.8 mm/h). Feeling cool as well with temperatures struggling to just 12.6 C (54.7 F). Showers dying out by the end of the afternoon with skies becoming clear during the evening and the first half of the night, but cloud would increase again after midnight with light outbreaks of rain by dawn.

So far October 2016 is proving to be a largely dry month, rainfall currently totaling a modest 7.6 mm (0.30″), whilst temperature wise it is currently slightly below the long term average at 11.4 C (52.5 F). High pressure and easterly winds have dominated the first 10 days of the month, and should this weather pattern continue in the longer term, the coming winter could be very interesting indeed!

11th October 2016, Tuesday
6.4 C to 13.9 C / 2.7 mm / 0.2 hours / NE 3-4
A dull and damp day for the most part with outbreaks of rain coming in off the sea thanks to a gentle to moderate north-east breeze, some of these periods of rain being quite heavy around the middle of the day (peak rate of 11.2 mm/h). Becoming drier towards the end of the afternoon however with the cloud breaking up during the evening, the rest of the night seeing variable amounts of cloud.

12th October 2016, Wednesday
8.9 C to 13.4 C / 8.1 mm / 0.1 hours / E 3-4
A dry, mild(ish) and bright start but soon becoming cloudier with outbreaks of rain once more drifting in from the north by north-east, these becoming frequent for a time. Becoming drier for a time in the afternoon, with even some short lived brightness, but in the evening showers would return. Further frequent showers overnight, some of which were heavy (peak rate of 32.4 mm/h).

13th October 2016, Thursday
7.8 C to 11.9 C / 8.5 mm / 0.5 hours / SE 4
A showery day with frequent showers throughout the morning and afternoon, some of these showers being quite heavy (peak rate of 6.0 mm/h), though it was somewhat drier and brighter for a time in mid-afternoon. Feeling cool, especially during the showers, with temperatures really struggling to rise much above 10 C. Further showers in the evening and overnight, though becoming less frequent by the end of the night. The weather is certainly feeling very autumnal at the moment!

14th October 2016, Friday
8.3 C to 12.5 C / 0.6 mm / 0.1 hours / SE 3
Another cloudy day with occasional showers coming in off the North Sea, though the showers were nowhere near as frequent, prolonged or as heavy as yesterday! Becoming drier in the afternoon, apart from a short period of drizzle prior to dusk, and in the evening some breaks in the cloud would even manage to develop. However these proved short-lived with skies becoming cloudy once more overnight, this cloud becoming thick enough to produce some rain by the end of the night.

15th October 2016, Saturday
9.5 C to 14.7 C / 0.8 mm / 2.7 hours / SE 2-3
A grey and damp start to the day with outbreaks of rain and drizzle, conditions becoming rather murky in mid-morning as low cloud descended from the Wolds, but from late morning onwards conditions would quickly begin to improve with even some spells of sunshine in the afternoon, something of a rarity in recent days. Feeling milder as well with temperatures around average for mid-October. Cloud increasing again in the evening with outbreaks of mostly light rain arriving by 9pm, these outbreaks of rain continuing on and off for much of the night. However it would clear latterly with some clearer spells developing, this allowing a mist to form by dawn.

16th October 2016, Sunday
7.8 C to 14.8 C / 9.0 mm / 2.6 hours / SE 3
A cool and misty start to the day, everything feeling damp after overnight rain, though by mid-morning cloud would increase and thicken from the south-east with persistent moderate rain arriving by 10:30 am. The rain wouldn’t last long though with drier and eventually sunny conditions arriving by mid-afternoon, the sun feeling warm with temperatures around average. Skies would remain mostly clear in the evening and overnight with just some high cloud veiling the impressively bright and large harvest moon which brightly illuminated what was otherwise a mild October night.

17th October 2016, Monday
9.4 C to 15.3 C / 3.0 mm / 6.4 hours / SW 3-4
A sunny morning with largely clear skies for the most part, though in the afternoon cloud would increase, indeed it would become mostly cloudy by mid-afternoon. A few showers would also bubble up in the second half of the afternoon (peak rate of 16.0 mm/h), but these would die out by the evening with clear spells soon developing. Remaining clear for much of the night, the near full moon once again lighting up the darkness, but cloud would increase later with rain arriving by dawn.

18th October 2016, Tuesday
8.0 C to 11.7 C / 6.7 mm / 2.9 hours / W 4-5
A wet start to the day with outbreaks of rain, but things would begin to brighten up after mid-morning. However after the rain cleared it would feel noticeably cooler, this further emphasised by a freshening north-westerly breeze. Remaining bright with sunny spells into the afternoon but in mid-afternoon cloud would quickly invade from the west with a period of heavy rain for a time, the rainfall peaking at a rate of 22.8 mm/h. However the rain would clear as quickly as it arrived, with even some sunshine to end the day, whilst skies would remain mostly clear throughout the evening and at first overnight. Becoming more cloudy again after midnight however.

19th October 2016, Wednesday
5.7 C to 12.8 C / 0.3 mm / 2.1 hours / NW 4-5
A mostly cloudy and mildish start to the day, but as the morning wore on some brighter periods would begin to develop with occasional spells of sunshine. Indeed the remainder of the day would continue on a bright note with further sunny spells, though in late morning the odd very light passing shower would drift down from the north. Becoming cloudier in the evening and remaining mostly cloudy throughout the night, the cloud thick enough to produce a few showers latterly.

20th October 2016, Thursday
9.3 C to 13.8 C / 0.0 mm / 5.7 hours / NW 3-4
After an initially cloudy start to the day things would begin to quickly brighten up with good spells of sunshine in the second half of the morning and the afternoon. With lighter winds it also felt rather mild, temperatures slightly above average for mid to late-October. Variable amounts of cloud in the evening and overnight but becoming cloudier towards the end of the night.

After the dry start to October (just 7.6 mm between the 1st and 10th), the last ten days have brought much more in the way of rain with 39.7 mm recorded between the 11th and 20th. Indeed today was the first dry day after 11 successive rain days, whilst the monthly rainfall total has now increased to 47.3 mm. October is typically one of the wettest months of the year, averaging 58.8 mm, and it will be interesting to see what the rest of the month brings in terms of rainfall.

21st October 2016, Friday
7.5 C to 11.6 C / 1.3 mm / 0.4 hours / NW 2-3
A largely cloudy day, the cloud thick enough to produce the odd mostly light and brief shower around the middle of the day and during the afternoon, though the day wasn’t without the odd brighter period as well, including some brief sunny spells at times. However by dusk skies would begin to clear and they would remain largely clear throughout the evening and most of the night.

22nd October 2016, Saturday
6.6 C to 12.1 C / 1.7 mm / 4.6 hours / NE 3
A largely fine late October’s day with good spells of sunshine, though in the morning and around midday a few showers would drift down from the north-east, one of which was quite heavy. Clear spells in the evening and at first overnight, but after midnight a few moderate showers would come in off the nearby North Sea, driven in once more by the north-easterly breeze.

23rd October 2016, Sunday
6.5 C to 11.2 C / 0.6 mm / 3.2 hours / NE 2
A morning of sunny spells and occasional showers drifting in from the north-east, a weather pattern which has become rather familiar this October. Hopefully these same weather patterns will repeat in the coming November and December and who knows we may actually get a proper winter this year! Drier in the afternoon with further spells of sunshine, though towards the end of the afternoon a few further light showers would give a light sprinkling. Clear spells in the evening and overnight with temperatures falling well into single figures by dawn.

24th October 2016, Monday
4.8 C to 12.5 C / 0.0 mm / 1.6 hours / E 1
A chilly but bright start to the day and remaining mostly bright with sunny spells throughout the morning. However in the afternoon extensive stratocumulus would drift in from the east, this making for a rather grey afternoon, though on the plus side it did remain dry, something of a rarity in the last fortnight. Mostly cloudy in the evening but clear spells would develop overnight, this allowing temperatures to fall well into single figures with a very heavy dew upon the ground by dawn.

25th October 2016, Tuesday
5.2 C to 13.6 C / 0.0 mm / 6.5 hours / SW 1-2
A clear and chilly start, the ground covered in a heavy dew, but in the sunshine things would slowly begin to warm up as the morning progressed. Remaining bright with good spells of sunshine throughout the rest of the day, and in light winds it felt quite warm with temperatures around or slightly above average for late October. Becoming cloudier in the evening and overnight.

26th October 2016, Wednesday
6.2 C to 15.6 C / 0.0 mm / 1.7 hours / SW 2
A largely cloudy day, though it was somewhat brighter for a time in mid-morning, and again in mid-afternoon, indeed for an hour or two it was rather pleasant with good spells of warm-ish sunshine. However cloud would increase again by dusk with mostly cloudy skies during the evening and overnight, this helping to hold temperatures up as a result with a low of just 9.9 C.

27th October 2016, Thursday
9.9 C to 13.8 C / 0.0 mm / 0.1 hours / SW 4-5
A cloudy and grey day for the most part, indeed around the middle of the day it was particularly dark, but in the end it came to nothing and remained dry throughout. It was also much breezier today with a moderate to fresh south-westerly wind, this helping to bring down quite a few leaves. Some breaks in the cloud around dusk would allow a fiery sunset to end the day, though in the evening and overnight it would remain mostly cloudy. A mild night as well with temperatures remaining in double figures.

28th October 2016, Friday
11.1 C to 14.1 C / 0.0 mm / 0.2 hours / W 3-4
A mostly cloudy and mild day with little worthy of mention. In the evening a few clear spells would develop, this allowing temperatures to fall a little, but cloud would return once more by midnight.

29th October 2016, Saturday
8.2 C to 16.1 C / trace / 1.0 hours / SW 1-2
A mostly cloudy and very mild late October day, the temperature rising above 60 degrees for the first time in almost four weeks, though it did become somewhat brighter for a time in mid-afternoon with even some good spells of sunshine for a while. Becoming cloudier again in the evening, and indeed overnight it would become quite overcast with some light drizzle in the air by dawn. A mild night.

30th October 2016, Sunday
9.7 C to 13.2 C / trace / 0.0 hours / SW 1
A dull, overcast and mild morning with spots of drizzle at times, though as the morning wore on this drizzle would die out to leave a merely cloudy and mild October afternoon, temperatures being slightly above average for the time of year. Remaining cloudy and mild in the evening and overnight with conditions becoming misty by dawn, whilst temperatures remained in double figures throughout.

31st October 2016, Monday
10.0 C to 14.1 C / 0.4 mm / 3.3 hours / N 3
A dull and misty morning for the most part, though as the morning wore on it would begin to steadily brighten with some weak spells of sunshine by midday. Remaining bright throughout the afternoon with further spells of sunshine, and with temperatures rising above 14 C it would prove to be a mild end to October. Clear spells for All Hallows Eve and for much of the night, though cloud would increase later with some outbreaks of rain towards the end of the night.