Wildflowers

Ranunculaceae

Stinking Hellebore (Helleborus foetidus)
Winter Aconite (Eranthis hyemalis)
Love-in-a-mist (Nigella damascena)
Marsh Marigold (Caltha palustris)
Balkan Anemone (Anemone blanda)
Wood Anemone (Anemone nemorosa)
Creeping Buttercup (Ranunculus repens)
Meadow Buttercup (Ranunculus acris)
Bulbous Buttercup (Ranunculus bulbosus)
Lesser Celandine (Ficaria verna)

Papaveraceae

Opium Poppy (Papaver somniferum)
Common Poppy (Papaver rhoeas)
Welsh Poppy (Meconopsis cambrica)

Fumariaceae

Yellow Corydalis (Pseudofumaria lutea)

Urticaceae

Common Nettle (Urtica dioica)

Polygonaceae

Redshank (Persicaria maculosa)
Amphibious Bistort (Persicaria amphibia)
Japanese Knotweed (Fallopia japonica)
Sheep’s Sorrel (Rumex acetosella)
Common Sorrel (Rumex acetosa subsp. acetosa)
Broad-leaved Stock (Rumex obtusifolius)

Caryophyllaceae

Common Chickweed (Stellaria media)
Greater Stitchwort (Stellaria holostea)
Common Mouse-ear (Cerastium fontanum)
Sticky Mouse-ear (Cerastium glomeratum)
Ragged-Robin (Silene flos-cuculi)
Bladder Campion (Silene vulgaris)
White Campion (Silene latifolia)
Red Campion (Silene dioica)

Hypericaceae

Tutsan (Hypericum androsaemum)
Hairy St. John’s-wort (Hypericum hirsutum)

Malvaceae

Common Mallow (Malva sylvestris)
Hollyhock (Alcea rosea)

Violaceae

Sweet Violet (Viola odorata)
Hairy Violet (Viola hirta)
Common Dog Violet (Viola riviniana)
Garden Pansy (V. x wittrockiana)
Field Pansy (Viola arvensis)
Marsh Violet (Viola palustris)

Brassicaceae

Oil-seed Rape (Brassica napus subsp. oleifera)
Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolata)
Dame’s Violet (Hesperis matronalis)
Wallflower (Erysimum cheiri)
Cuckooflower (Cardamine pratensis)
Honesty (Lunaria annua)
Glabrous Whitlowgrass (Erophila glabrescens)
Common Whitlowgrass (Erophila verna)
Danish Scurygrass (Cochlearia danica)
Shepherd’s Purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris)
Field Penny-cress (Thlaspi arvense)
Swine-cress (Lepidium coronopus)
Annual Wall-rocket (Diplotaxis muralis)

Resedaceae

Weld (Reseda luteola)

Cistaceae

Common Rock-rose (Helianthemum nummularium)

Primulaceae

Primrose (Primula vulgaris)
Hybrid Primrose (Primula x pruhonicensis)
Cowslip (Primula veris)
Sowbread (Cyclamen hederifolium)
Scarlet Pimpernel (Anagallis arvensis)

Plumbaginaceae

Thrift (Armeria maritima)

Lythraceae

Purple-loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria)

Saxifragaceae

Rue-leaved Saxifrage (Saxifraga tridactylites)
Opposite-leaved Golden-saxifrage (Chrysosplenium oppositifolium)

Crassulaceae

House Leek (Sempervivum tectorum)
White Stonecrop (Sedum album)
Reflexed Stonecrop (Sedum rupestre)

Rosaceae

Dropwort (Filipendula vulgaris)
Meadow-sweet (Filipendula ulmaria)
Agrimony (Agrimonia eupatoria)
Salad Burnet (Poterium sanguisorba)
Wood Avens (Geum urbanum)
Water Avens (Geum rivale)
Hybrid Avens (Geum urbanum x rivale)
Silverweed (Potentilla anserina)
Tormentil (Potentilla erecta)
Creeping Cinquefoil (Potentilla reptans)
Barren Strawberry (Potentilla sterilis)
Garden Lady’s-mantle (Alchemilla mollis)
Wild Strawberry (Fragaria vesca)

Fabaceae

Garden Lupin (Lupinus polyphyllus agg.)
Tufted Vetch (Vicia cracca)
Bush Vetch (Vicia sepium)
Common Vetch (Vicia sativa subsp. segetalis)
Meadow Vetchling (Lathyrus pratensis)
Common Rest-harrow (Ononis repens)
Black Medick (Medicago lupulina)
White Clover (Trifolium repens)
Red Clover (Trifolium pratense)
Common Bird’s-foot Trefoil (Lotus corniculatus)
Greater Bird’s-foot Trefoil (Lotus pedunculatus)
Kidney Vetch (Anthyllis vulneraria)

Onagraceae

Common Evening Primrose (Oenothera biennis)
Rosebay Willowherb (Chamerion angustifolium)
Great Willowherb (Epilobium hirsutum)

Euphorbiaceae

Dog’s Mercury (Mercurialis perennis)
Petty Spurge (Euphorbia peplus)
Sun Spurge (Euphorbia helioscopia)

Linaceae

Fairy Flax (Linum catharticum)

Polygalaceae

Heath Milkwort (Polygala serpyllifolia)
Common Milkwort (Polygala vulgaris)

Oxalidaceae

Yellow Sorrel (Oxalis exilis)
Wood Sorrel (Oxalis acetosella)

Geraniaceae

Bloody Crane’s-bill (Geranium sanguineum)
Meadow Crane’s-bill (Geranium pratense)
Dusky Crane’s-bill (Geranium phaeum)
Cut-leaved Crane’s-bill (Geranium dissectum)
Herb-Robert (Geranium robertianum)

Apiaceae

Cow Parsley (Anthriscus sylvestris)
Alexanders (Smyrnium olusatrum)
Ground-elder (Aegopodium podagraria)
Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)
Wild Angelica (Angelica sylvestris)
Wild Parsnip (Pastinaca sativa)
Hogweed (Heracleum sphondylium)
Giant Hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum)

Gentianaceae

Autumn Gentian (Gentianella amarella)

Convolvulaceae

Hedge Bindweed (Calystegia sepium)
Field Bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis)

Boraginaceae

Common Comfrey (Symphytum officinale agg.)
Russian Comfrey (Symphytum x uplandicum agg.)
Bugloss (Anchusa arvensis)
Green Alkanet (Pentaglottis sempervirens)
Borage (Borago officinalis)
Lungwort (Pulmonaria officinalis)
Viper’s Bugloss (Echium vulgare)
Field Forget-me-not (Myosotis arvensis)
Wood Forget-me-not (Myosotis sylvatica)

Menyanthaceae

Bogbean (Menyanthes trifoliata)
Fringed Water-lily (Nymphoides peltata)

Apocynaceae

Greater Periwinkle (Vinca major)
Lesser Periwinkle (Vinca minor)

Lamiaceae

Bugle (Ajuga reptans)
White Dead-nettle (Lamium album)
Red Dead-nettle (Lamium purpureum)
Cut-leaved Dead-nettle (Lamium hybridum)
Yellow Archangel (Lamiastrum galeobdolon)
Betony (Betonica officinalis)
Hedge Woundwort (Stachys sylvatica)
Marsh Woundwort (Stachys palustris)
Ground Ivy (Glechoma hederacea)
Selfheal (Prunella vulgaris)
Wild Basil (Clinopodium vulgare)
Wild Majoram (Origanum vulgare)
Wild Thyme (Thymus polytrichus)
Corn Mint (Mentha arvensis)
Water Mint (Mentha aquatica)

Orobanchaceae

Common Eyebright (Euphrasia officinalis agg.)
Yellow-rattle (Rhinanthus minor)
Common Broomrape (Orobanche minor)

Plantaginaceae

Snapdragon (Antirrhinum majus)
Purple Toadflax (Linaria purpurea)
Common Toadflax (Linaria vulgaris)
Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)
Thyme-leaved Speedwell (Veronica serpyllifolia)
Germander Speedwell (Veronica chamaedrys)
Common Field Speedwell (Veronica persica)
Round-leaved Speedwell (Veronica filiformis)
Ivy-leaved Speedwell (Veronica hederifolia)
Greater Plantain (Plantago major)
Ribwort Plantain (Plantago lanceolata)

Campanulaceae

Clustered Bellflower (Campanula glomerata)
Harebell (Campanula rotundifolia)
Garden Lobelia (Lobelia erinus)

Rubiaceae

Lady’s Bedstraw (Galium verum)
Cleavers (Galium aparine)
Woodruff (Galium odoratum)
Crosswort (Cruciata laevipes)

Caprifoliaceae

Marsh Valerian (Valeriana dioica)
Red Valerian (Centranthus ruber)
Wild Teasel (Dipsacus fullonum)
Devil’s-bit Scabious (Succisa pratensis)
Field Scabious (Knautia arvensis)

Asteraceae

Hemp Agrimony (Eupatorium cannabinum)
Daisy (Bellis perennis)
Common Fleabane (Pulicaria dysenterica)
Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
Scentless Mayweed (Tripleurospermum inodorum)
Scented Mayweed (Matricaria chamomilla)
Pineappleweed (Matricaria discoidea)
Tansy (Tanacetum vulgare)
Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium)
Oxeye Daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare)
Colt’s-foot (Tussilago farfara)
Butterbur (Petasites hybridus)
Common Ragwort (Senecio jacobaea)
Groundsel (Senecio vulgaris)
Carline Thistle (Carlina vulgaris)
Lesser Burdock (Arctium minus)
Musk Thistle (Carduus nutans)
Welted Thistle (Carduus crispus)
Spear Thistle (Cirsium vulgare)
Marsh Thistle (Cirsium palustre)
Creeping Thistle (Cirsium arvense)
Greater Knapweed (Centaurea scabiosa)
Common Knapweed (Centaurea nigra)
Perennial Cornflower (Centaurea montana)
Cornflower (Centaurea cyanus)
Chicory (Cichorium intybus)
Cat’s-ear (Hypochaeris radicata)
Autumn Hawkbit (Scorzoneroides autumnalis)
Goat’s-beard (Tragopogon pratensis)
Prickly Sow-thistle (Sonchus asper)
Smooth Sow-thistle (Sonchus oleraceus)
Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale agg.)
Nipplewort (Lapsana communis)
Smooth Hawk’s-beard (Crepis capillaris)
Fox-and-cubs (Pilosella aurantiaca)

Asparagaceae

Bluebell (Hyacinthoides non-scripta)
Hybrid Bluebell (Hyacinthoides x massartiana)
Spanish Bluebell (Hyacinthoides hispanica)
Garden Grape-hyacinth (Muscari armeniacum agg.)

Amaryllidaceae

Cultivated Daffodil (Narcissus agg.)
Wild Daffodil (Narcissus pseudonarcissus)
Chives (Allium schoenoprasum)
Ramsons (Allium ursinum)
Snowdrop (Galanthus nivalis)

Iridaceae

Yellow Iris (Iris pseudacorus)
Purple Iris (Iris versicolor)
Montbretia (Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora)
Early Crocus (Crocus tommasinianus)

Orchidaceae

Fragrant Orchid (Gymnadenia conopsea)
North Marsh Orchid (Dactylorhiza purpurella)
Southern Marsh Orchid (Dactylorhiza praetermissa)
CS x S Marsh Orchid (Dactylorhiza x grandis)
Common Spotted Orchid (Dactylorhiza fuchsii)
Green-winged Orchid (Anacamptis morio)
Early-purple Orchid (Orchis mascula)
Pyramidal Orchid (Anacamptis pyramidalis)
Bee Orchid (Ophrys apifera)

Butomaceae

Flowering Rush (Butomus umbellatus)

Balsaminaceae

Indian or Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens glandulifera)

Nymphaeaceae

White Water-lily (Nymphaea alba)
Yellow Water-lily (Nuphar lutea)

Nartheciaceae

Bog Asphodel (Narthecium ossifragum)

Araceae

Common Duck-weed (Lemna minor)
Lords-and-Ladies (Arum maculatum)

Liliaceae

Fritillary (Fritillaria meleagris)
Garden Tulip (Tulipa gesneriana)

Droseraceae

Round-leaved Sundew (Drosera rotundifolia)